Latest & greatest articles for stress

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Top results for stress

161. Habitat disturbance results in chronic stress and impaired health status in forest-dwelling paleotropical bats Full Text available with Trip Pro

Habitat disturbance results in chronic stress and impaired health status in forest-dwelling paleotropical bats Anthropogenic habitat disturbance is a major threat to biodiversity worldwide. Yet, before population declines are detectable, individuals may suffer from chronic stress and impaired immunity in disturbed habitats, making them more susceptible to pathogens and adverse weather conditions. Here, we tested in a paleotropical forest with ongoing logging and fragmentation, whether habitat (...) disturbance influences the body mass and immunity of bats. We measured and compared body mass, chronic stress (indicated by neutrophil to lymphocyte ratios) and the number of circulating immune cells between several bat species with different roost types living in recovering areas, actively logged forests, and fragmented forests in Sabah, Malaysia. In a cave-roosting species, chronic stress levels were higher in individuals from fragmented habitats compared with conspecifics from actively logged areas

2017 Conservation physiology

162. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Antipsychotic Use and Risk of Dementia in Veterans Full Text available with Trip Pro

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Antipsychotic Use and Risk of Dementia in Veterans To examine the risk of dementia associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and the contribution of antipsychotic use to this risk.Retrospective cohort study SETTING: Australia. Administrative claims data from the Australian Government Department of Veterans' Affairs were used.Male Vietnam veterans aged 55 to 65 at baseline (2001-02) with no preexisting dementia diagnosis (N = 15,612).The association

2017 EvidenceUpdates

163. Extraurethral (non-circumferential) retropubic adjustable compression devices for stress urinary incontinence in women

Extraurethral (non-circumferential) retropubic adjustable compression devices for stress urinary incontinence in women Extr Extraurethr aurethral (non-circumferential) retropubic al (non-circumferential) retropubic adjustable compression de adjustable compression devices for stress urinary vices for stress urinary incontinence in women incontinence in women Interventional procedures guidance Published: 22 March 2017 nice.org.uk/guidance/ipg576 Y Y our responsibility our responsibility (...) NICE recommendations wherever possible. This guidance replaces IPG133. © NICE 2018. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 1 of 71 1 Recommendations Recommendations 1.1 Current evidence on the safety and efficacy of extraurethral (non- circumferential) retropubic adjustable compression devices for stress urinary incontinence in women is inadequate in quantity and quality. Therefore, this procedure should only be used

2017 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Interventional Procedures

164. The Chemical Chaperone, PBA, Reduces ER Stress and Autophagy and Increases Collagen IV α5 Expression in Cultured Fibroblasts From Men With X-Linked Alport Syndrome and Missense Mutations Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Chemical Chaperone, PBA, Reduces ER Stress and Autophagy and Increases Collagen IV α5 Expression in Cultured Fibroblasts From Men With X-Linked Alport Syndrome and Missense Mutations X-linked Alport syndrome (OMIM 301050) is caused by COL4A5 missense variants in 40% of families. This study examined the effects of chemical chaperone treatment (sodium 4-phenylbutyrate) on fibroblast cell lines derived from men with missense mutations.Dermal fibroblast cultures were established from 2 (...) affected men and 3 normals. Proliferation rates were examined, the collagen IV α5 chain localized with immunostaining, and levels of the intra- and extracellular chains quantitated with an in-house enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. COL4A5 mRNA was measured using quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) size was measured on electron micrographs and after HSP47 immunostaining. Markers of ER stress (ATF6, HSPA5, DDIT3), autophagy (ATG5, BECN1, ATG7

2017 Kidney international reports

165. Disrupted ER‐to‐Golgi trafficking underlies anti‐HIV drugs and alcohol‐induced cellular stress and hepatic injury Full Text available with Trip Pro

Disrupted ER‐to‐Golgi trafficking underlies anti‐HIV drugs and alcohol‐induced cellular stress and hepatic injury Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and unfolded protein response (UPR) are involved in anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) drugs and alcohol-induced liver disease in a significant number of patients infected with HIV. However, the precise mechanism by which the drugs and alcohol cause ER stress remains elusive. We found that ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (RL) activated two (...) canonical UPR branches without activation of the third canonical activating transcription factor 6 (ATF6) branch in either HepG2 cells or primary mouse hepatocytes. In the RL-treated cells, ATF6 localization in the Golgi apparatus required for its activation was reduced; this was followed by Golgi fragmentation and dislocation/redistribution of Golgi-resident enzymes. Severities of Golgi fragmentation induced by other anti-HIV drugs varied and were correlated with the ER stress response. In the liver

2017 Hepatology communications

166. Two-Year Follow-up of a Randomized Clinical Trial of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction vs Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or Usual Care for Chronic Low Back Pain. (Abstract)

Two-Year Follow-up of a Randomized Clinical Trial of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction vs Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or Usual Care for Chronic Low Back Pain. 28196244 2017 03 17 2018 12 02 1538-3598 317 6 2017 02 14 JAMA JAMA Two-Year Follow-up of a Randomized Clinical Trial of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction vs Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or Usual Care for Chronic Low Back Pain. 642-644 10.1001/jama.2016.17814 Cherkin Daniel C DC Group Health Research Institute, Seattle, Washington (...) United States Letter Randomized Controlled Trial United States JAMA 7501160 0098-7484 AIM IM Adult Aged Chronic Pain therapy Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Disability Evaluation Follow-Up Studies Humans Low Back Pain therapy Middle Aged Mindfulness methods Mobility Limitation Outcome Assessment (Health Care) Regression Analysis Stress, Psychological therapy Surveys and Questionnaires Time Factors Treatment Outcome Young Adult 2017 2 15 6 0 2017 2 15 6 0 2017 3 18 6 0 ppublish 28196244 2601490 10.1001

2017 JAMA Controlled trial quality: uncertain

167. The influence of metabolic imbalances and oxidative stress on the outcome of critically ill polytrauma patients: a review Full Text available with Trip Pro

The influence of metabolic imbalances and oxidative stress on the outcome of critically ill polytrauma patients: a review The critically ill polytrauma patient presents with a series of associated pathophysiologies secondary to the traumatic injuries. The most important include systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), sepsis, oxidative stress (OS), metabolic disorders, and finally multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) and death. The poor outcome of these patients is related

2017 Burns & trauma

168. Stress response to handling is short lived but may reflect personalities in a wild, Critically Endangered tortoise species Full Text available with Trip Pro

Stress response to handling is short lived but may reflect personalities in a wild, Critically Endangered tortoise species We investigated the acute stress response associated with animal personalities by measuring plasma glucocorticoids throughout handling and collected ~2 years of movement and behavioural data in a wild, Critically Endangered animal, Astrochelys radiata (radiated tortoise). To determine whether our standard, brief conscientious handling procedures induce a stress response (...) changes in plasma concentrations of the stress hormone corticosterone (CORT) but did reveal tremendous individual variation in response. The CORT concentration ranged more than 200-fold after imposing the stressor and returned to near-baseline values by the following day. When we accounted for the wide variation by calculating the degree of each individual's stress response relative to its baseline over its processing time, we discovered two non-overlapping physiological response types; those in which

2017 Conservation physiology

169. Increased Cardiac Sympathetic Activity and Oxidative Stress in Habitual Electronic Cigarette Users: Implications for Cardiovascular Risk Full Text available with Trip Pro

Increased Cardiac Sympathetic Activity and Oxidative Stress in Habitual Electronic Cigarette Users: Implications for Cardiovascular Risk Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) have gained unprecedented popularity, but virtually nothing is known about their cardiovascular risks.To test the hypothesis that an imbalance of cardiac autonomic tone and increased systemic oxidative stress and inflammation are detectable in otherwise healthy humans who habitually use e-cigarettes.Cross-sectional case (...) , reflecting the cardiac sympathovagal balance. Three parameters of oxidative stress were measured in plasma: (1) low-density lipoprotein oxidizability, (2) high-density lipoprotein antioxidant/anti-inflammatory capacity, and (3) paraoxonase-1 activity.Of the 42 participants, 35% were women, 35% were white, and the mean age was 27.6 years. The high-frequency component was significantly decreased in the e-cigarette users compared with nonuser control participants (mean [SEM], 46.5 [3.7] nu vs 57.8 [3.6] nu

2017 JAMA cardiology

170. Evidence Brief: Effectiveness of Stellate Ganglion Block for Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Evidence Brief: Effectiveness of Stellate Ganglion Block for Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) 4 Department of Veterans Affairs Health Services Research & Development Service Evidence-based Synthesis Program Evidence Brief: Effectiveness of Stellate Ganglion Block for Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) February 2017 Prepared for: Department of Veterans Affairs Veterans Health Administration Quality Enhancement Research Initiative Health Services Research (...) with stakeholders to effectively engage the program. Comments on this evidence report are welcome and can be sent to Nicole Floyd, ESP CC Program Manager, at Nicole.Floyd@va.gov. Recommended citation: Peterson K, Bourne D, Anderson J, Mackey K, Helfand M. Evidence Brief: Effectiveness of Stellate Ganglion Block for Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. VA ESP Project #09-199; 2017. This report is based on research conducted by the Evidence-based Synthesis Program (ESP) Coordinating Center located

2017 Veterans Affairs Evidence-based Synthesis Program Reports

171. Physiological effects of environmentally relevant, multi-day thermal stress on wild juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Physiological effects of environmentally relevant, multi-day thermal stress on wild juvenile Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) The frequency of extreme thermal events in temperate freshwater systems is expected to increase alongside global surface temperature. The Miramichi River, located in eastern Canada, is a prominent Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) river where water temperatures can exceed the proposed upper thermal limit for the species (~27°C). Current legislation closes the river (...) response of juvenile salmon, despite the variable thermal cycling condition. Our results suggest that relatively cooler night temperatures in the summer months may play a limited role in mitigating physiological stress throughout warm diel cycle events.

2017 Conservation physiology

172. Early stress, parental motivation, and reproductive decision-making: applications of life history theory to parental behavior Full Text available with Trip Pro

Early stress, parental motivation, and reproductive decision-making: applications of life history theory to parental behavior This review focuses on the impact of parental behavior on child development, as interpreted from an evolutionary-developmental perspective. We employ psychosocial acceleration theory to reinterpret the effects of variation in parental investment and involvement on child development, arguing that these effects have been structured by natural selection to match

2017 Current opinion in psychology

173. Human Growth Hormone for Depression, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, or Fibromyalgia: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines

Human Growth Hormone for Depression, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, or Fibromyalgia: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Human Growth Hormone for Depression, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, or Fibromyalgia: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Human Growth Hormone for Depression, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, or Fibromyalgia: Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Human Growth Hormone for Depression, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, or Fibromyalgia (...) : Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Published on: February 8, 2017 Project Number: RA0891-000 Product Line: Research Type: Drug Report Type: Reference List Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of human growth hormone for patients with depression? What is the clinical effectiveness of human growth hormone for patients with post-traumatic stress disorder? What is the clinical effectiveness of human growth hormone for patients with fibromyalgia? What are the evidence-based

2017 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

174. Adult Attachment, Stress, and Romantic Relationships Full Text available with Trip Pro

Adult Attachment, Stress, and Romantic Relationships In this article, we discuss theory and research on how individuals who have insecure adult romantic attachment orientations typically think, feel, and behave when they or their romantic partners encounter certain types of chronic or acute stress. We first review basic principles of attachment theory and then discuss how two forms of attachment insecurity-anxiety and avoidance-are associated with unique patterns of emotion regulation (...) in response to certain types of threatening/distressing situations. We then discuss a diathesis-stress process model that has guided our research, highlighting studies that provide support for certain pathways of the model.

2017 Current opinion in psychology

175. Acknowledging the Elephant in the Room: How Stressful Environmental Contexts Shape Relationship Dynamics Full Text available with Trip Pro

Acknowledging the Elephant in the Room: How Stressful Environmental Contexts Shape Relationship Dynamics Compared to affluent marriages, lower income marriages develop within a context filled with negative stressors that may prove quite toxic for marital stability. The current paper argues that stressful contexts may undermine marital well-being through two routes. First, external stressors create additional problems within the marriage by diverting time and attention away from activities (...) that promote intimacy between partners. Second, external stress may render spouses ill-equipped to cope with this increase in problems by draining spouses of the energy and resources necessary for responding to marital challenges in a constructive manner. In acknowledging the role of the marital context for relationship dynamics, this model suggests new directions for interventions designed to strengthen the marriages of lower income couples.

2017 Current opinion in psychology

176. Functionally and morphologically damaged mitochondria observed in auditory cells under senescence-inducing stress Full Text available with Trip Pro

Functionally and morphologically damaged mitochondria observed in auditory cells under senescence-inducing stress We aimed at determining the mitochondrial function in premature senescence model of auditory cells. Short exposure to H2O2 (1 h, 0.1 mM) induced premature cellular senescence in House Ear Institute-Organ of Corti 1 auditory cells. The transmission electron microscopy analysis revealed that damaged mitochondria and autophagosomes containing dense organelles appeared in the auditory

2017 NPJ aging and mechanisms of disease

177. Oxidative Stress and Antioxidant Status in Patients with Bell’s Palsy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Oxidative Stress and Antioxidant Status in Patients with Bell’s Palsy Bell's palsy (BP) is the most common acute mononeuropathy of unilateral facial paralysis. Immune, infective and ischaemic mechanisms are potential contributors to the development of BP, but the precise cause remains unclear. Recently, oxidative stress has been proposed as a risk factor of various idiopathic diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible role of oxidative stress in patients with BP.Thirty (...) -two patients with BP and 30 healthy controls were included in this study. Serum total oxidant status (TOS), total antioxidant status (TAS) and oxidative stress index (OSI) were measured by the Erel method.Serum TOS activities and OSI values were significantly higher in patients with BP compared with the control group (P <0.003 for all comparisons), whereas there was no significant difference between the groups in terms of TAS levels (P >0.05).The data suggest that oxidative stress is increased

2017 Journal of medical biochemistry

178. Medical Marijuana for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines

Medical Marijuana for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Medical Marijuana for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Medical Marijuana for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Medical Marijuana for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Review of Clinical Effectiveness and Guidelines Published on: January 11, 2017 Project (...) Number: RC0838-000 Product Line: Research Type: Drug Report Type: Summary with Critical Appraisal Result type: Report Question What is the clinical effectiveness of medical marijuana for the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adults? What is the clinical effectiveness of synthetic cannabinoids for the treatment of PTSD in adults? What are the evidence-based guidelines regarding the use of medical marijuana or synthetic cannabinoids in adult patients with PTSD? Key Message Based

2017 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

179. Mitigation of salt stress in white clover (Trifolium repens) by Azospirillum brasilense and its inoculation effect Full Text available with Trip Pro

Mitigation of salt stress in white clover (Trifolium repens) by Azospirillum brasilense and its inoculation effect Salinity is one of the increasingly serious environmental problems worldwide for cultivating agricultural crops. The present study was aimed to ascertain the potential of beneficial soil bacterium Azospirillum brasilense to alleviate saline stress in Trifolium repens. Experimental plants (white clover) were grown from seeds and inoculated with or without A. brasilense bacterial

2017 Botanical studies

180. Mindfulness?based stress reduction (MBSR) for improving health, quality of life and social functioning in adults: a systematic review and meta?analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Mindfulness?based stress reduction (MBSR) for improving health, quality of life and social functioning in adults: a systematic review and meta?analysis Mindfulness‐based stress reduction (MBSR) for improving health, quality of life and social functioning in adults: a systematic review and meta‐analysis - Vibe - 2017 - Campbell Systematic Reviews - Wiley Online Library By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our . Search within Search term Search term (...) UPDATED SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Open Access Mindfulness‐based stress reduction (MBSR) for improving health, quality of life and social functioning in adults: a systematic review and meta‐analysis Corresponding Author E-mail address: Norwegian Public Health Institute, Oslo, Norway Corresponding author Michael de Vibe Norwegian Institute of Public Health Oslo Norway E‐mail: The Centre for Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Eastern and Southern, Norway The Centre for Child and Adolescent Mental Health

2017 Campbell Collaboration