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Latest & greatest articles for thyroid
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Long-Term Outcomes After Hepatic and Pancreatic Resections for Metastases from Thyroid Cancer: a Systematic Review of the Literature. The objective of our systematic review was to evaluate the long-term outcomes of surgical resection as a treatment strategy for liver and pancreatic metastases from thyroid cancer (TC).A systematic search of three electronic databases for articles published up to October 2018 was conducted. All appropriate observational studies and case reports which reported
Risk of Osteoporotic Fractures after Thyroid-stimulating Hormone Suppression Therapy in Patients with Thyroid Cancer. The effects of subclinical hyperthyroidism on fracture risk induced by thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) suppression therapy in patients with thyroid cancer still remains controversial. We performed a meta-analysis and systematic review to evaluate the effects of TSH suppression therapy on osteoporotic fracture in patients with thyroid cancer.We performed a systematic search (...) to identify studies which included osteoporotic fractures (hip fracture and vertebral fracture) in patients on TSH suppression therapy for thyroid cancer. Main outcome measures were occurrence and risk of osteoporotic fractures including hip and vertebral fractures between patients and controls.A systematic search yielded a total of 8 studies appropriate for review which included osteoporotic fracture outcome in patients on TSH suppression therapy for thyroid cancer. Studies with larger number of subjects
Influence of Thyroid-stimulating Hormone Suppression Therapy on Bone Mineral Density in Patients with Differentiated Thyroid Cancer: A Meta-analysis. The effects of subclinical hyperthyroidism on bone mineral density (BMD) induced by thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) suppression therapy in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) remains unclear. We conducted a meta-analysis to determine the influence of TSH suppression therapy on BMD.We performed a systematic search to identify
Thyroid cancer risk in airline cockpit and cabin crew: a meta-analysis. Airline crew are exposed to ionizing radiation as part of their occupation and have a documented increased risk of melanoma and cataracts. However, whether their occupation predisposes them to an increased risk of thyroid cancer is not established. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the risk of thyroid cancer in airline cockpit and cabin crew compared with the general population.The (...) MEDLINE database accessed via PubMed and Cochrane Database were searched. We included cohort studies reporting the standardized incidence ratio (SIR) or standardized mortality ratio (SMR) of thyroid cancers in any flight-based occupation.Of the 1777 citations retrieved in PubMed, eight studies with a total of 243,088 aircrew members and over 3,334,114 person-years of follow-up were included in this meta-analysis. No relevant studies were identified on Cochrane Database. The overall summary SIR
Relationship between the upregulation of Notch1 signaling and the clinical characteristics of patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma in East Asia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Many studies have aimed to clarify the relationship between Notch1 signaling and papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), but the results have been inconsistent to date. In the present study, a systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to analyze the relationship between Notch1 signaling and the clinical
Oncometabolites as biomarkers in thyroid cancer: a systematic review. Thyroid cancer (TC) is an important common endocrine malignancy, and its incidence has increased in the past decades. The current TC diagnosis and classification tools are fine-needle aspiration (FNA) and histological examination following thyroidectomy. The metabolite profile alterations of thyroid cells (oncometabolites) can be considered for current TC diagnosis and management protocols.This systematic review focuses
Clinical Trials in Management of Anaplastic Thyroid Carcinoma; Progressions and Set Backs: A Systematic Review. Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is associated with rapid tumor growth and extremely poor prognosis. Although ATC is found in only 2% of all thyroid carcinomas, it accounts for up to 50% of thyroid cancer mortality.To understand the effect of different treatment modalities upon anaplastic thyroid cancer outcomes.A systematic review of studies from 1995 to 2017 was performed (...) employing the search terms "anaplastic thyroid" and "treatment" in PubMed. Studies comparing patients receiving any type of therapy for ATC and measuring either survival as primary outcome or the percentage of patient surviving more than 1 year as secondary outcome were included for review. We did not limit sample size or subject condition. A total of 40 articles were returned from our database search, of which 25 met the inclusion criteria.A review of the 25 published studies indicated that early
Association of benign thyroid diseases with thyroid cancer risk: a meta-analysis of prospective observational studies. Evidence showed that benign thyroid disease was one of the risk factors for thyroid cancer. However, the results of some studies were inconsistent and were previously meta-analyses of case-control studies. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis of prospective studies to investigate the relationship between benign thyroid diseases and thyroid cancer risk.All eligible studies (...) were identified via systematic searches of multiple literature databases. The combined RR (relative risk)/HR (hazard ratio) or SIR (standardized incidence ratio) with 95% confidence interval was calculated. Heterogeneity was assessed with the I2 test. Publication bias and subgroup analyses were also performed.Twelve studies were eligible for inclusion in the meta-analysis. The pooled RR/HR of thyroid carcinoma in benign thyroid diseases was 4.39 (95% CI 3.22-5.55). The pooled SIR of thyroid
Comparative Efficacy of Medical Treatments for Thyroid Eye Disease: A Network Meta-Analysis. Numerous medical strategies have been proposed for the treatment of thyroid eye disease (TED); however, the best methods for standard treatment are still a matter of controversy. The purpose of this network meta-analysis was to integrate previous evidence to create hierarchies of comparative efficacy of eleven commonly used medical treatments for TED.A comprehensive search of electronic scientific
Rheumatic associations of autoimmune thyroid disease: a systematic review. To investigate specific disease patterns in the rheumatic manifestations associated with autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) through a systematic literature review. We performed a systematic review using the Medline OVID, PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases through May 2018 for experimental and observational studies that explored the association of AITD with degenerative joint disease (DJD), osteoarthritis (OA
Correlation of Thyroid Transcription Factor-1 Expression with This meta-analysis investigated the relationship between thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) expression and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) to clarify whether TTF-1 can be a potential surrogate marker for EGFR mutation status in advanced NSLCL.A systematic searching of databases, including PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar, was performed to identify studies
Risk Factors for Predicting Lymph Nodes Posterior to Right Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve (LN-prRLN) Metastasis in Thyroid Papillary Carcinoma: A Meta-Analysis. To evaluate the risk factors for predicting lymph nodes (LN) posterior to right recurrent laryngeal nerve metastasis in thyroid papillary carcinoma.PubMed, PMC, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched for articles published spanning 30/06/2009-30/8/2018 using multiple search terms. Thirteen articles involving 10,014 (...) ) metastasis (P < 0.001), and central LN metastasis (P < 0.001) were significantly associated with the increased incidence of LN-prRLN metastasis in thyroid papillary carcinoma.PTC patients aged <45, male, and with tumours > 1 cm, lateral LN metastasis, extrathyroidal invasion, multifocality, capsule invasion, LN-arRLN metastasis, or central LN metastasis were significantly correlated with lymph nodes posterior to right recurrent laryngeal nerve metastasis, indicating LN-prRLN dissection.
A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Diagnostic Performance of BRAF V600E Immunohistochemistry in Thyroid Histopathology. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) in evaluating thyroid surgical specimens may facilitate diagnostic and prognostic evaluation, with potential therapeutic implications. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis examining the analytic validity of IHC in detecting BRAFV600E mutations in thyroid cancer (primary or metastatic). We screened citations from three
Radiation induced thyroid carcinoma in Romania - effects of the Chernobyl fallout, a systematic review of observational studies. The development of thyroid carcinoma is a complex process, in which both genetic and environmental factors play an important role. The rising incidence of thyroid neoplasm determines researchers to investigate factors implicated in this phenomenon. This article aims to elucidate the effects of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster on the Romanian population, studying (...) the existing literature on radiation induced thyroid carcinoma. We analyzed the main studies published on this matter.We used the PubMed and Google Scholar databases to search for articles upon the effects of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster on the incidence of thyroid carcinoma in the Romanian population. After a careful review of the existing literature, we selected the relevant and accessible studies, the first observation being that data on thyroid related effects of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster
The Prevalence of Thyroid Disorders in Patients With Vitiligo: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Background: Associations between vitiligo and thyroid disorders have been suggested, However, the prevalence of thyroid disorders in vitiligo vary widely. Purpose: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis assessing the prevalence of thyroid disorders in patients with vitiligo. Method: The PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure), Chongqing VIP (...) database, and Wanfang database from inception to August 2, 2018 were systematically searched. The pooled prevalence and its 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated. Results: A total of 77 eligible studies were identified and included, published from 1968 to 2018. Six thyroid disorders including subclinical hyperthyroidism, overt hyperthyroidism, subclinical hypothyroidism, overt hypothyroidism, Graves disease, and Hashimoto thyroiditis were described. The numbers of relative studies were 54
Treatment-related adverse effects with TKIs in patients with advanced or radioiodine refractory differentiated thyroid carcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have been administered to advanced or radio-iodine refractory differentiated thyroid carcinoma (RR-DTC) patients for years. We performed a pooled analysis to explore the frequency of severe adverse effects in advanced or RR-DTC patients treated with sorafenib and lenvatinib.We performed
Transoral vestibule approach for thyroid disease: a systematic review. Transoral endoscopic/robotic thyroidectomy vestibule approach (TOETVA/TORTVA) is a novel technology that has been proposed for the treatment of thyroid disease. Its adoption has increased because of its satisfying cosmetic effects. The primary aim of this systematic review was to assess the feasibility and safety of this approach, and the secondary aim was to discuss the indications for this technology.According
Total endoscopic thyroidectomy versus conventional open thyroidectomy in thyroid cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Despite the considerable experience gained thus far using endoscopic technologies, the role of total endoscopic thyroidectomy (ET) for papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) remains controversial. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the safety and effectiveness of total ET compared with conventional open thyroidectomy (OT) in PTC.A systematic
Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of the Impact of Noninvasive Follicular Thyroid Neoplasm with Papillary-Like Nuclear Features (NIFTP) on Cytological Diagnosis and Thyroid Cancer Prevalence. A re-named diagnosis of noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP) likely impacts the prevalence of thyroid cancer and risk of malignancy in populations based on the established Bethesda System of Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (TBSRTC). This study was done (...) to investigate the prevalence and cytological distribution of NIFTP. PRISMA guided systematic review was done from a database search of Pubmed, EMBASE, and Medline using the search terms "non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features", "non-invasive follicular variant of papillary carcinoma", "niftp", and "Bethesda" until November 2018. Original articles with surgically proven diagnoses of NIFTP using strict NIFTP criteria were included. Twenty-nine studies with 1563 cases
The Diagnostic Performance of Afirma Gene Expression Classifier for the Indeterminate Thyroid Nodules: A Meta-Analysis. Approximately 15 to 30% of thyroid nodules evaluated by fine-needle aspiration (FNA) were classified as indeterminate; the accurate diagnostic molecular tests of these nodules remain a challenge. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of Afirma gene expression classifier (GEC) for the indeterminate thyroid nodules (ITNs).Studies published from January 2005 to December