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Latest & greatest articles for thyroid
The Trip Database is a leading resource to help health professionals find trustworthy answers to their clinical questions. Users can access the latest research evidence and guidance to answer their clinical questions. We have a large collection of systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, regulatory guidance, clinical trials and many other forms of evidence. If you wanted the latest trusted evidence on thyroid or other clinical topics then use Trip today.
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The role of molecular genetics in the clinical management of sporadic medullary thyroid carcinoma: A systematic review. The significant variation in the clinical behaviour of sporadic medullary thyroid carcinoma (sMTC) causes uncertainty when planning the management of these patients. Several tumour genetic and epigenetic markers have been described, but their clinical usefulness remains unclear. The aim of this review was to evaluate the evidence for the use of molecular genetic and epigenetic (...) profiles in the risk stratification and management of sMTC.MEDLINE and Embase databases were searched using the MeSH terms "medullary carcinoma", "epigenetics", "molecular genetics", "microRNAs"; and free text terms "medullary carcinoma", "sporadic medullary thyroid cancer", "sMTC", "RET", "RAS" and "miR". Articles containing less than ten subjects, not focussing on sMTC, or not reporting clinical outcomes were excluded. Risk of bias was assessed using a modified version of the Newcastle-Ottawa
Retraction Note To: The relationship between subclinical thyroid dysfunction and the risk of fracture or low bone mineral density: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies. The editors have retracted this article  because it shows significant overlap with a publication by Blum et al.  Limin Tian does not agree to this retraction. All the other authors have not responded to any correspondence from the editor about this retraction.
Unstimulated high-sensitive thyroglobulin is a powerful prognostic predictor in patients with thyroid cancer. Background Differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) has an excellent prognosis and the role of high-sensitive thyroglobulin measured during levothyroxine (ON-T4 hs-Tg) testing to discriminate patients with structural from not-evidence of disease (SED and NED, respectively) has been investigated. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis evaluating the performance of ON-T4 hs-Tg
The Effect of Metformin on Thyroid-Associated Serum Hormone Levels and Physiological Indexes: A Meta-Analysis. Many diseases can be treated with metformin. People with serum thyrotropin (TSH) levels higher than 10 mIU/L are at a risk of cardiovascular events. Some studies have suggested that metformin can lower serum TSH levels to a subnormal level in patients with hyperthyrotropinaemia or hypothyroidism.The objective of this analysis is to evaluate the effect of metformin treatment on serum (...) TSH, free triiodothyronine (FT3), and free thyroxine (FT4) levels and other associated physiological indices.A comprehensive search using the PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and Cochrane Central databases was undertaken for controlled trials on the effect of metformin on serum TSH, FT3, and FT4 levels and associated physiological indices. The primary outcome measures were serum TSH, FT3 and FT4 levels, thyroid size, thyroid nodule size, blood pressure, heart rate, body weight, and body mass index
The Diagnostic Efficiency of Ultrasound Computer-Aided Diagnosis in Differentiating Thyroid Nodules: A Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis. Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) techniques have emerged to complement qualitative assessment in the diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules. The aim of this review was to summarize the current evidence on the diagnostic performance of various ultrasound CAD in characterizing thyroid nodules. PUBMED, EMBASE and Cochrane databases were searched (...) for studies published until August 2019. The Quality Assessment of Studies of Diagnostic Accuracy included in Systematic Review 2 (QUADAS-2) tool was used to assess the methodological quality of the studies. Reported diagnostic performance data were analyzed and discussed. Fourteen studies with 2232 patients and 2675 thyroid nodules met the inclusion criteria. The study quality based on QUADAS-2 assessment was moderate. At best performance, grey scale CAD had a sensitivity of 96.7% while Doppler CAD
Characteristics of clear cell renal cell carcinoma metastases to the thyroid gland: A systematic review. Thyroid gland is an uncommon site for metastases from clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) and literature is scarce. Due to the variable and often long lag time before development of metastases in patients with CCRCC, thyroid nodules may be misdiagnosed initially as benign. This systematic review aims at a better understanding of the nature of these metastases.A bibliographic search (...) was performed using PubMed (1990-2019), key words being "renal cell carcinoma, thyroid, kidney cancer, clear cell." 147 cases were analyzed. The patient's characteristics assessed were: age, sex, stage, size of metastases, lag time, diagnostic modality, initial symptoms, treatment and outcome in last documented follow up. Binary logistic regression, Spearman's rho and ANOVA were used to identify differences between the existing variables.The mean age (± SD) was 64 ± (10) years in males and 64 (± 11
Incidence and Risk of Thyroid Dysfunction in Advanced or Metastatic Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Patients Treated with Pembrolizumab: A Meta-analysis. Thyroid dysfunction is one of the major side effects associated with Pembrolizumab in the treatment of advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials to determine its overall incidence. A literature search was conducted using the electronic database engines (...) PubMed and Google Scholar from inception to March 2019. Eligible studies were prospective randomized clinical trials with advanced or metastatic NSCLC. The pooled incidence, risk ratio (RR), and 95% confidence interval (CI) of thyroid dysfunction were calculated using the random-effect model. Given the possibility of a between-study variance, we used the random-effect model rather than the fixed-effect model. A total of four studies, including 1603 patients, were selected for analysis. Among patients
Thyroid nodules: diagnostic evaluation based on thyroid cancer risk assessment. Thyroid nodules are extremely common and can be detected by sensitive imaging in more than 60% of the general population. They are often identified in patients without symptoms who are undergoing evaluation for other medical complaints. Indiscriminate evaluation of thyroid nodules with thyroid biopsy could cause a harmful epidemic of diagnoses of thyroid cancer, but inadequate selection of thyroid nodules for biopsy (...) can lead to missed diagnoses of clinically relevant thyroid cancer. Recent clinical guidelines advocate a more conservative approach in the evaluation of thyroid nodules based on risk assessment for thyroid cancer, as determined by clinical and ultrasound features to guide the need for biopsy. Moreover, newer evidence suggests that for patients with indeterminate thyroid biopsy results, a combined assessment including the initial ultrasound risk stratification or other ancillary testing (molecular
Risk of malignancy in the various categories of the UK Royal College of Pathologists Thy terminology for thyroid FNA cytology: A systematic review and meta-analysis. The UK Royal College of Pathologists Thy terminology for reporting thyroid fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), first published in 2009 is used throughout the United Kingdom and Ireland, in some parts of Italy and Switzerland and elsewhere. There is no review of the literature or meta-analysis of the risk of malignancy (ROM
PROGNOSIS OF DIFFERENTIATED THYROID CARCINOMA IN PATIENTS WITH GRAVES DISEASE: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND META-ANALYSIS. Objective: It is still controversial whether differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) in patients with Graves disease (GD) can be more aggressive than non-Graves DTC. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the association between GD and prognosis in patients with DTC. Methods: We comprehensively searched the databases of MEDLINE and EMBASE from inception (...) = confidence interval; DTC = differentiated thyroid carcinoma; GD = Graves disease; LN = lymph node; OR = odds ratio; PTC = papillary thyroid carcinoma; TC = thyroid carcinoma; TSAb = thyroid-stimulating antibody; TSH = thyroid-stimulating hormone.
Wound Closure after Thyroid and Parathyroid Surgery: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Wound closure after thyroidectomy and parathyroidectomy is associated with patients' satisfaction, perception of cosmetic appearance, and experience of postoperative pain. Subcutaneous sutures, clips, and tissue adhesive are the three major methods of wound closure. In this study, we conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to evaluate the outcomes of these methods.Relevant
Laryngeal paralysis detected in preoperative laryngoscopy in malignant and benign thyroid disease. Systematic review and meta-analysis. There is controversy regarding the performance of preoperative laryngoscopy (LP) in thyroid surgery, with different recommendations being made, based on observational studies, in various publications. The aim of the study was to know the prevalence of laryngeal paralysis found in the LPs of patients who underwent thyroidectomy in benign and malignant pathology (...) 3.8 to 9.4%; I2 85%). The prevalence was significantly higher among patients with malignant pathology with an estimated effect RR 5.66, 95% CI, 2.48, 12.88. The studies analyzed present biases that will need to be corrected in future research, eliminating blinding biases in the selection and allocation of patients or in the laryngoscopy technique used. The LP in thyroid surgery evaluates possible disorders of laryngeal motility. The prevalence of laryngeal paralysis in thyroid pathology found
Thermal Ablation for Small Papillary Thyroid Cancer: A Systematic Review. Background: Although clinical studies indicate that thermal ablation is effective in treating low-risk papillary thyroid microcarcinomas (PTMCs), the effectiveness of this treatment in patients with low-risk PTMC has not yet been systematically evaluated. Methods: Ovid-MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were searched for studies published through May 1, 2019, which report the efficacy of thermal ablation in patients with low
Granulocyte-Colony-Stimulating Factor Effectively Shortens Recovery Duration in Anti-Thyroid-Drug-Induced Agranulocytosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Background and aim: Granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is highly beneficial as a general treatment for anti-thyroid drug (ATD)-induced agranulocytosis. This meta-analysis aimed to assess the clinical effects of G-CSF and non-G-CSF on recovery duration in patients with ATD-induced agranulocytosis by analyzing the overall
Primary thyroid angiosarcoma: A systematic review. Thyroid angiosarcoma (TAS) is rare and represents a very aggressive malignancy. Its rarity is principally linked to two major pitfalls. Firstly, TAS histopathology diagnosis can be difficult; second, the limited clinical experience with this condition can make its management complex. We conducted a detailed systematic review, focusing on the knowledge available regarding TAS etiopathogenesis, treatment options and prognosis. The aim
A prognostic role for non-thyroidal illness syndrome in chronic renal failure:a systematic review and meta-analysis. Chronic renal failure (CRF) is a serious disease that has become a burden on global and local economics and public health. In addition, non-thyroidal illness syndrome (NTIS) has become increasingly more prevalent in CRF patients.A data search was conducted on the PubMed/Medline, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Embase, and CBM databases to identify studies up to November 1st
Optimal extent of lateral neck dissection for well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma with metastatic lateral neck lymph nodes: A systematic review and meta-analysis. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine the optimal extent of lateral neck dissection in patients with well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma with clinically confirmed lateral neck lymph node metastases. All studies reporting the distribution of metastatic lymph nodes in level IIb or level V (...) and 22.1% (95% CI: 18.6-26.1%) in level V. Shoulder syndrome complication showed a tendency to increase when comprehensive neck dissection was performed. The recurrence rate was 11.2% (95% CI: 8.4-14.9%) in the comprehensive neck dissection group and 11.0% (95% CI: 4.2-26.1%) in the selective neck dissection group. Clinical outcomes showed no difference between groups. In conclusion, selective neck dissection may be considered in patients with well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma with lateral neck