Latest & greatest articles for ultrasound

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Top results for ultrasound

1061. What is the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of calf vein thrombosis?

What is the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of calf vein thrombosis? What is the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of calf vein thrombosis? What is the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of calf vein thrombosis? Abdulwadud O Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation (...) Abdulwadud O. What is the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of calf vein thrombosis? Clayton, Victoria: Centre for Clinical Effectiveness (CCE) 2001: 16 Authors' objectives This aim of this report was to assess the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of calf vein thrombosis. Authors' conclusions - Seven studies that met inclusion and exclusion criteria were retrieved. They were systematic reviews (2), meta-analyses (2), prospective studies (2

2001 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

1062. Ultrasound or venogram for diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis (DVT)?

for Clinical Effectiveness (CCE) 2001: 15 Authors' objectives This aim of this report was to assess whether ultrasound or venogram is more effective for the diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis. Project page URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Ultrasonography; Venous Thrombosis /diagnosis Language Published English Country of organisation Australia Address for correspondence Monash Institute of Health Services Research, Block E, Monash Medical Centre, Locked Bag 29, Clayton, Victoria (...) Ultrasound or venogram for diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis (DVT)? Ultrasound or venogram for diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis (DVT)? Ultrasound or venogram for diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis (DVT)? Hender K Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Hender K. Ultrasound or venogram for diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis (DVT)? Clayton, Victoria: Centre

2001 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

1063. Second-trimester ultrasound to detect fetuses with Down syndrome: a meta-analysis

Diagnostic accuracy studies were included provided that the original ultrasound interpretation was used. Case studies were excluded, as were review articles, letters, case reports and comments. Studies were also excluded if they reported fewer than five foetuses with a chromosomal abnormality. Specific interventions included in the review Studies were included that recorded second-trimester prenatal findings of ultrasonographic markers. Studies based on first-trimester ultrasound were excluded, as were (...) studies that performed the ultrasound following genetic testing or were primarily focused on a different topic. The following ultrasonographic markers were used: choroid plexus cyst (cysts of any size or number in the cerebral ventricles), nuchal fold thickening (of at least 6 mm), echogenic intracardiac focus (punctate intracardiac echogenic focus within either ventricle), echogenic bowel (echogenicity equal to or greater than bone), renal pyelectasis (anterior-posterior diameter of the renal pelvis

2001 DARE.

1064. Intravascular ultrasound

that prospective studies be carried out to assess the safety of IVUS, particularly in terms of the long-term outcomes. Bibliographic details Medical Services Advisory Committee. Intravascular ultrasound. Canberra, ACT, Australia: Medical Services Advisory Committee. Assessment report; MSAC application 1032. 2001 Original Paper URL Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by CRD MeSH Ultrasonography, Interventional; Vascular Surgical Procedures AccessionNumber 12003008148 Date bibliographic record published 31 (...) Intravascular ultrasound Intravascular ultrasound Intravascular ultrasound Medical Services Advisory Committee Authors' objectives To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and its role as an adjunct to coronary interventions. Searching Sixteen electronic databases were searched for primary studies; these were listed in the report. Searches for studies where IVUS was employed in treatment were conducted from 1999 to 2000; these updated the searches of a previous

2001 DARE.

1065. Reducing the cost of diagnosis of breast carcinoma: impact of ultrasound and imaging-guided biopsies on a clinical breast practice

Reducing the cost of diagnosis of breast carcinoma: impact of ultrasound and imaging-guided biopsies on a clinical breast practice Reducing the cost of diagnosis of breast carcinoma: impact of ultrasound and imaging-guided biopsies on a clinical breast practice Reducing the cost of diagnosis of breast carcinoma: impact of ultrasound and imaging-guided biopsies on a clinical breast practice Rubin E, Mennemeyer S T, Desmond R A, Urist M M, Waterbor J, Heslin M J, Bernreuter W K, Dempsey P J, Pile (...) M S, Rodgers W H Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of ultrasound and imaging-guided percutaneous biopsy procedures in the diagnosis of breast carcinoma. The biopsy procedures included 14-gauge core biopsy

2001 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

1066. A critical appraisal of the use of umbilical artery Doppler ultrasound in high-risk pregnancies: use of meta-analyses in evidence-based obstetrics

A critical appraisal of the use of umbilical artery Doppler ultrasound in high-risk pregnancies: use of meta-analyses in evidence-based obstetrics Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2001 DARE.

1067. A review of therapeutic ultrasound: effectiveness studies

A review of therapeutic ultrasound: effectiveness studies A review of therapeutic ultrasound: effectiveness studies A review of therapeutic ultrasound: effectiveness studies Robertson V J, Baker K G Authors' objectives To assess the effectiveness of therapeutic ultrasound used alone or in combination with other treatments. Searching MEDLINE, CINAHL and physical therapy journals (1975 to 1999) were searched for publications in the English language. Relevant review articles and reference lists (...) were examined and colleagues of the authors were consulted. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that met all of the criteria developed by Sackett et al. (see Other Publications of Related Interest) were eligible. Specific interventions included in the review Comparisons of therapeutic ultrasound with placebo ultrasound treatment were eligible if both groups otherwise received identical treatments. Ultrasound frequency varied from

2001 DARE.

1068. Pain after transrectal ultrasonography-guided prostate biopsy: the advantages of periprostatic local anaesthesia

Pain after transrectal ultrasonography-guided prostate biopsy: the advantages of periprostatic local anaesthesia Pain after transrectal ultrasonography-guided prostate biopsy: the advantages of periprostatic local anaesthesia Pain after transrectal ultrasonography-guided prostate biopsy: the advantages of periprostatic local anaesthesia Seymour H, Perry M J, Lee-Elliot C, Dundas D, Patel U Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion (...) on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The health intervention examined in the study was periprostatic local anaesthesia (LA) during prostatic biopsy guided by transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS). Type of intervention Other: anaesthesia. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population The study population

2001 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

1069. Systematic review and meta-analysis of emergency ultrasonography for blunt abdominal trauma

Systematic review and meta-analysis of emergency ultrasonography for blunt abdominal trauma Untitled Document The CRD Databases will not be available from 08:00 BST on Friday 4th October until 08:00 BST on Monday 7th October for essential maintenance. We apologise for any inconvenience.

2001 DARE.

1070. Intraoperative ultrasound is associated with clear lumpectomy margins for palpable infiltrating ductal breast cancer

, Hanks J B. Intraoperative ultrasound is associated with clear lumpectomy margins for palpable infiltrating ductal breast cancer. Annals of Surgery 2001; 233(6): 761-768 PubMedID Other publications of related interest Harlow SP et al Intraoperative ultrasound localisation to guide surgical excision of non-palpable breast carcinoma. Journal of the American College of Surgeons 1999;189:241-246. Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Breast Neoplasms /pathology /surgery /ultrasonography (...) Intraoperative ultrasound is associated with clear lumpectomy margins for palpable infiltrating ductal breast cancer Intraoperative ultrasound is associated with clear lumpectomy margins for palpable infiltrating ductal breast cancer Intraoperative ultrasound is associated with clear lumpectomy margins for palpable infiltrating ductal breast cancer Moore M M, Whitney L A, Cerilli L, Imbrie J Z, Bunch M, Simpson V B, Hanks J B Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation

2001 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

1071. Ultrasonographic detection of asymptomatic endometrial cancer in postmenopausal patients offers no prognostic advantage over symptomatic disease discovered by uterine bleeding

Ultrasonographic detection of asymptomatic endometrial cancer in postmenopausal patients offers no prognostic advantage over symptomatic disease discovered by uterine bleeding Ultrasonographic detection of asymptomatic endometrial cancer in postmenopausal patients offers no prognostic advantage over symptomatic disease discovered by uterine bleeding Ultrasonographic detection of asymptomatic endometrial cancer in postmenopausal patients offers no prognostic advantage over symptomatic disease (...) that vaginal bleeding is an early symptom of EC". Source of funding None stated. Bibliographic details Gerber B, Krause A, Muller H, Reimer T, Kulz T, Kundt G, Friese K. Ultrasonographic detection of asymptomatic endometrial cancer in postmenopausal patients offers no prognostic advantage over symptomatic disease discovered by uterine bleeding. European Journal of Cancer 2001; 37(1): 64-71 PubMedID Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Cost-Benefit Analysis; Disease

2001 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

1072. Cost-effectiveness analysis of intravascular ultrasound guided percutaneous coronary intervention versus conventional percutaneous coronary intervention

Cost-effectiveness analysis of intravascular ultrasound guided percutaneous coronary intervention versus conventional percutaneous coronary intervention Cost-effectiveness analysis of intravascular ultrasound guided percutaneous coronary intervention versus conventional percutaneous coronary intervention Cost-effectiveness analysis of intravascular ultrasound guided percutaneous coronary intervention versus conventional percutaneous coronary intervention Gaster A L, Slothuus U, Larsen J (...) , Thayssen P, Haghfelt T Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and coronary angiography (CAG) guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was compared to PCI guided by CAG alone. Type

2001 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

1073. Resource utilization and clinical outcomes of coronary stenting: a comparison of intravascular ultrasound and angiographical guided stent implantation

Resource utilization and clinical outcomes of coronary stenting: a comparison of intravascular ultrasound and angiographical guided stent implantation Resource utilization and clinical outcomes of coronary stenting: a comparison of intravascular ultrasound and angiographical guided stent implantation Resource utilization and clinical outcomes of coronary stenting: a comparison of intravascular ultrasound and angiographical guided stent implantation Choi J W, Goodreau L M, Davidson C J Record (...) Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided coronary stent implantation was compared with angiographically-guided stent implantation. The treated vessel was imaged with a 30-MHz 2.9 F or 3.2 F

2001 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

1074. Doppler ultrasound for fetal assessment in high risk pregnancies. (Abstract)

Doppler ultrasound for fetal assessment in high risk pregnancies. Abnormal waveforms from Doppler ultrasound may indicate poor fetal prognosis. It is also possible that Doppler ultrasound could encourage inappropriate early delivery.The objective of this review was to assess the effects of Doppler ultrasound in high risk pregnancies on obstetric care and fetal outcomes.We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group trials register.Randomised trials of Doppler ultrasound (...) for the investigation of umbilical artery waveforms in high risk pregnancies compared to no Doppler ultrasound.Trial quality was assessed and data were extracted by both reviewers. Study authors were contacted for additional information.Eleven studies involving nearly 7000 women were included. The trials were generally of good quality. Compared to no Doppler ultrasound, Doppler ultrasound in high risk pregnancy (especially those complicated by hypertension or presumed impaired fetal growth) was associated

2000 Cochrane

1075. Ultrasound for fetal assessment in early pregnancy. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Ultrasound for fetal assessment in early pregnancy. Advantages of early pregnancy ultrasound screening are thought to be more accurate calculation of gestational age, earlier identification of multiple pregnancies, and diagnosis of non-viable pregnancies and certain fetal malformations.The objective of this review was to assess the use of routine (screening) ultrasound compared with the selective use of ultrasound in early pregnancy (ie before 24 weeks).The Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth (...) Group trials register and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register (up to July 1998) were searched.Adequately controlled trials of routine ultrasound imaging in early pregnancy.One reviewer assessed trial quality and extracted data. Study authors were contacted for additional information.Nine trials were included. The quality of the trials was generally good. Routine ultrasound examination was associated with earlier detection of multiple pregnancies (twins undiagnosed at 26 weeks, odds ratio 0.08

2000 Cochrane

1076. Therapeutic ultrasound for postpartum perineal pain and dyspareunia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Therapeutic ultrasound for postpartum perineal pain and dyspareunia. Proponents of therapeutic ultrasound suggest it can decrease pain by resolution of inflammation processes and reducing the pressure on pain sensitive structures by haematoma and oedema.The objective of this review was to assess the effects of therapeutic ultrasound for treating acute perineal pain, persistent perineal pain and/or dyspareunia, following childbirth.The Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group trials register (...) , Embase, Cinahl (to May 1996), Physiotherapy Index (1985 to May 1996) and World Congress of Physical Therapy 1994 Conference Proceedings.Randomised and quasi-randomised trials comparing active therapeutic ultrasound with no treatment, placebo ultrasound, or any other 'standard' or active treatment for women with acute or persistent perineal pain and/or dyspareunia following childbirth.One reviewer assessed trial quality and extracted data.Four trials involving 659 women were included. The trials were

2000 Cochrane

1077. Routine doppler ultrasound in pregnancy. (Abstract)

Routine doppler ultrasound in pregnancy. Doppler ultrasound study of umbilical artery waveforms helps identify the compromised fetus in 'high risk' pregnancies and, therefore, deserves assessment as a screening test in 'low risk' pregnancies. One of the main aims of routine antenatal care is to identify the 'at risk' fetus in order to apply clinical interventions which could result in reduced perinatal morbidity and mortality.To assess the effects on obstetric practice and pregnancy outcome (...) of routine Doppler ultrasound in unselected and low risk pregnancies.The Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group Specialised Register of Controlled Trials and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register were searched. Date of last search: September 1999Acceptably controlled trials of routine Doppler ultrasound (umbilical circulation and/or uterine circulation) in unselected or low risk pregnancies.Both reviewers assessed trial quality and extracted data. Authors of two trials were contacted for additional

2000 Cochrane

1078. Routine ultrasound in late pregnancy (after 24 weeks gestation). (Abstract)

Routine ultrasound in late pregnancy (after 24 weeks gestation). Diagnostic ultrasound is used selectively in late pregnancy where there are specific clinical indications. However, the value of routine late pregnancy ultrasound screening in unselected populations is controversial. The rationale for such screening would be the detection of clinical conditions which place the fetus or mother at high risk, which would not necessarily have been detected by other means such as clinical examination (...) , and for which subsequent management would improve perinatal outcome.To assess the effects on obstetric practice and pregnancy outcome of routine late pregnancy ultrasound, defined as greater than 24 weeks gestation, in women with either unselected or low risk pregnancies.The Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group Specialised Register of Controlled Trials and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register were searched.All acceptably controlled trials of routine ultrasound in late pregnancy (defined as after 24

2000 Cochrane

1079. Therapeutic ultrasound for venous leg ulcers. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Therapeutic ultrasound for venous leg ulcers. Ultrasound therapy is commonly used with the aim of improving the healing of chronic wounds such as pressure ulcers and venous leg ulcers.To assess the effectiveness of therapeutic ultrasound in the treatment of venous leg ulcers.The Cochrane Wounds Group search strategy was used (see Scope) to search for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of therapeutic ultrasound for the treatment of venous leg ulcers.Randomised controlled trials comparing (...) therapeutic ultrasound with sham ultrasound, or other (standard) treatmentResults of searches were scrutinised by one reviewer (and checked by a second) to identify possible RCTs and full reports of these were obtained. Details of eligible studies were extracted and summarised using a data extraction sheet. Attempts were made to obtain missing data by contacting authors. Data extraction was checked by a second reviewer.A total of seven eligible RCTs were identified. Four trials compared ultrasound therapy

2000 Cochrane

1080. Therapeutic ultrasound for pressure sores. (Abstract)

Therapeutic ultrasound for pressure sores. Pressure sores have been recorded as occurring in 4-10% of patients admitted to a UK District General Hospital (the precise rate depends on case-mix) and in an unknown proportion of patients in the community. They represent a major burden of sickness and reduced quality of life for patients and their carers, and are costly to health service providers. Pressure sores can be treated by using wound dressings, relieving pressure on the wound, by treating (...) concurrent conditions which may delay healing, and by the use of physical therapies such as electrical stimulation, laser therapy and ultrasound.To assess the effectiveness of the use of therapeutic ultrasound in the treatment of pressure sores.The Cochrane Wounds Groups search strategy was used (see Scope) to search for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of therapeutic ultrasound for the treatment of pressure sores up to December 1999.Randomised controlled trials comparing therapeutic ultrasound

2000 Cochrane